THE EVIL EYE CULTURE
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Evil eye is an ancient cultural belief that many believes dated back since the early egytian civilization. Evil eye is as curse to be cast by a malevolent glare or stare, known to be given to a person when they are unaware. The cause is various, commonly from a feeling of envy or jealousy. The jewelry were created to protect against evil eye known as talisman. The talisman’s name itself also derived from the curse, thus they are called “evil eyes”
The evil eye talismans are commonly popular in north africa, eurasia and arab peninsula. Once believed to have effect repelling evil eye curse, but since Islam enter the Arab and African peninsula, evil eye became banned because of the prohibition of sorcery practice. Now evil eye becomes a part of fashion trend with cultural mysticism gimmick. Charms and decorations featuring the eye are a common sight across Turkey, Iran, and Afghanistan and have become a popular choice of souvenir with tourists.
The "evil eye" is also known in Arabic as ʿayn al-ḥasūd (عين الحسود eye of the envious), in Hebrew as ʿáyin hā-ráʿ (עַיִן הָרַע), in Kurdish çaw e zar (eye of evil/sickness), in Persian as chashm zakhm (چشم زخم eye-caused injury) or chashm e bad (bad eye), in Turkish as Nazar (nazar is from Arabic نَظَر Nadhar, which means eye vision or eyesight), similarly in Urdu/Hindi/Punjabi the word Nazar or Boori Nazar (bad eye/look) is used, in Amharic buda, in Pashto cheshim mora, and also "Nazar", in Greek as to máti (το μάτι), in Albanian as syni keq (or "syri i keq"), in Spanish as mal de ojo, in Italian as malocchio, in Portuguese mau-olhado ("act of giving an evil/sick look"), in Swedish as "ge onda ögat" (to give an evil look), and in Hawaiian it is known as "stink eye" or maka pilau meaning "rotten eyes".
The idea expressed by the term causes many different cultures to pursue protective measures against it. The concept and its significance vary widely among different cultures, primarily the Middle East. The idea appears several times in translations of the Old Testament. It was a widely extended belief among many Mediterranean and Asian tribes and cultures.